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Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean ladies aged 19-79 years: the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related dilemmas

Socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean ladies aged 19-79 years: the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related dilemmas

Eunji Choi

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Ha Na Cho

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Da Hea Search Engine Optimization

2 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Inha University class of Medicine, Incheon, Korea

Boyoung Park

3 Department of Medicine, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Sohee Park

4 Graduate Class of Public Wellness, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Juhee Cho

5 Department of Clinical Research and Evaluation, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul, Korea

Sue Kim

6 University of Nursing, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea

Yeong-Ran Park

7 Division of Silver Industry, Kangnam University, Yongin, Korea

Kui Son Choi

1 Graduate class of Cancer Science and Policy, nationwide Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea

Yumie Rhee

8 Department of Internal Medicine, Endocrine analysis Institute, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea



Whilst the prevalence of obesity in Asian ladies has remained stagnant, studies of socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Asian women can be scarce. This study aimed to look at the current prevalence of obesity in Korean females aged between 19 years and 79 years and also to evaluate socioeconomic inequalities in obesity.


Information were based on the 2016 Korean Study of Women’s Health-Related problems. The test that is chi-square logistic regression analysis had been utilized to assess the associations between socioeconomic facets and obesity making use of Asian standard body mass index (BMI) groups: low ( 2 ), normal (18.5-22.9 kg/m 2 ), obese (23.0-24.9 kg/m 2 ), and overweight (≥25.0 kg/ m 2 ). The slope index of inequality (SII) and relative index of inequality (RII) were calculated, with adjustment for age and self-reported health status as inequality-specific indicators.


Korean females had been categorized in to the following BMI categories: underweight (5.3%), normal fat (59.1%), obese (21.2%), and overweight (14.4%). The SII and RII unveiled inequalities that are substantial obesity and only more urbanized women (SII, 4.5; RII, 1.4) and against of females who had been extremely educated (SII, -16.7; RII, 0.3). Subgroup analysis revealed inequalities in obesity based on home earnings among more youthful ladies and based on urbanization among ladies aged 65-79 years.


Clear academic inequalities in obesity existed in Korean ladies. Reverse inequalities in urbanization had been additionally apparent in older females. Developing methods to deal with the numerous noticed inequalities in obesity among Korean females may show required for efficiently decreasing the burden of the condition.


Obesity, which can be increasing in prevalence all over the world, is just a shape characterized by the accumulation of extortionate surplus fat, along side a great many other wellness impairments. Obesity is discovered to adversely influence an extensive spectral range of conditions, from non-communicable problems to psychological and social wellness, including diabetes, malignancies, depression, discrimination, as well as others 1-4. The harmful effects to be obese or overweight are discovered to be specially harmful in females, elevating risks for reproductive problems, psychological state conditions, and predominantly women’s cancers, such as for instance endometrial and cancer of the breast 5-8.

Disparities in obesity prevalence have now been discovered to alter relating to parameters differences that are reflecting socioeconomic status, such as for example urbanization, training, and earnings amounts. Ladies moving into urbanized areas and located in socioeconomically-deprived conditions have now been reported to show faster grows within the prevalence of obesity and overweight 9-13. Notwithstanding, the magnitude and way of effects of socioeconomic facets on inequalities in obesity might differ across nations 14-16. In the united states and countries in europe, inequalities pertaining to obesity have actually generally speaking been well documented; obesity was discovered become disproportionately more frequent among individuals with reduced amounts of training and earnings, residents of less urbanized areas, and people lacking usage of medical 10,15. In comparison, although just a few research reports have addressed socioeconomic inequalities in obesity in developing countries, many findings for those nations suggest contrasting outcomes regarding training and earnings status (in other words., higher obesity prices in females with advanced schooling and home earnings) 16. In light for the outcomes of a previous study that socioeconomic facets affect obesity status with techniques that vary by nation, it is essential to think about just just exactly how these socioeconomic facets affect obesity to build up wellness advertising programs.

When you look at the Republic of Korea (hereafter Korea), the prevalence of obesity happens to be formally surveyed body that is using index (BMI) since 1998. The BMI that is mean for ladies slightly increased from 1998 to 2005 and stabilized from 2005 to 2014 17. Even though general prevalence of obesity in females is leaner than compared to guys, Korean women more than 65 years have actually greater obesity rates than males of the comparable age 18. Furthermore, while BMI in Korean men gradually increases as we grow older, in Korean ladies, it sharply increases following the chronilogical age of 40 years and menopause 17. Also, inspite of the stable findings in the general prevalence of obesity among Korean ladies, an increase that is significant grade II obesity (BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m 2 ) portal randkowy christian mingle from 1998 to 2014 happens to be recorded, specifically for females aged two decades to 59 years 17.

While obesity prices in Korea are significantly less than those of other Organization for Economic Cooperation and developing nations, socioeconomic inequalities in obesity keep on being a point of discussion 10. Outcomes from past studies, nonetheless, reflect outdated data 10,19 and offer incomplete conclusions on inequality as a result of the utilization of restricted inequality indicators 19. For the part that is most, those studies used traditional logistic analyses or direct easy evaluations of price distinctions (extra danger) or ratios involving the greatest and cheapest socioeconomic groups. Nevertheless, the standard approach of comparing extreme groups from the spectrum that is socioeconomic to consider modifications throughout the complete variety of socioeconomic teams. In this study, we used the slope index of inequality (SII) and also the general index of inequality (RII), that are regression-based measures of wellness status across all ranges of each and every socioeconomic element 20. Furthermore, although previous documents emphasized the discrepancies of obesity habits by sex, they dedicated to describing mechanisms of obesity in Korean adult guys as a result of greater prevalence of obesity in men 10,19.

Hence, in this research, we aimed to report the prevalence of obesity among Korean adult ladies aged 19 years to 79 years utilizing current data that are nationally representative. We additionally desired to analyze associations between socioeconomic facets and obesity in Korean females. In particular, we examined current socioeconomic inequalities in obesity among Korean females relating to home earnings, training degree, and urbanization (location of residence) via absolute and general indicators specialized for inequality analysis.

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